social Pyhlosophy

WWeellll–bbeeiinngg Our sense of satisfaction with our everyday experience.SSyymmppaatthheettiicc NNeerrvvoouussSSyysstteemm ((SSNNSS))The division of the autonomic nervous system that is involved in preparing the body to respond to threatsby activating the organs and the glands in the endocrine system.PPaarraassyymmppaatthheettiiccNNeerrvvoouuss SSyysstteemm((PPNNSS)),,The division of the autonomic nervous system that is involved in resting, digesting, relaxing, andrecovering.AArroouussaall Changes in bodily sensations, including increased blood pressure, heart rate, perspiration, andrespiration.AAmmyyggddaallaa The region in the limbic system that is primarily responsible for regulating our perceptions of, andreactions to, aggression and fear.BBaassiicc EEmmoottiioonnss (Anger, contempt, disgust, fear, happiness, sadness, and surprise) are emotions that are based primarilyon the arousal produced by the SNS and that do not require much cognitive processing.SSeeccoonnddaarryy EEmmoottiioonnss Emotions that provide us with more complex feelings about our social worlds and that are morecognitively based.MMiissaattttrriibbuuttiioonn ooffAArroouussaallOccurs when people incorrectly label the source of the arousal that they are experiencing.SSttrreessss The physical and psychological reactions that occur whenever we believe that the demands of a situationthreaten our ability to respond to the threat.PPoosstt–ttrraauummaattiicc SSttrreessssDDiissoorrddeerr ((PPTTSSDD))A medical syndrome that includes symptoms of anxiety, sleeplessness, nightmares, and socialwithdrawal.GGeenneerraall AAddaappttaattiioonnSSyynnddrroommeeThe three distinct phases of physiological change that occur in response to long-term stress: alarm,resistance, and exhaustion.HHPPAA AAxxiiss A physiological response to stress involving interactions among the hypothalamus, the pituitary gland,and the adrenal glands.CCoorrttiissooll A stress hormone that releases sugars into the blood to help prepare the body to respond to threat.Social PsychologyBy Bo Bennett, PhDLLeessssoonn ##33:: SSoocciiaall AAffffeecctt TTeerrmmss aanndd DDeePPnniittiioonnssLesson_3_Terms_and_Definitions https://www.dowellwebtools.com/tools/oc/Bo/SocialPsych?print…1 of 2 1/27/16, 7:04 AMDDaaiillyy HHaasssslleess Our everyday interactions with the environment that are essentially negative.FFiigghhtt–oorr–FFlliigghhttRReessppoonnsseeAn emotional and behavioral reaction to stress that increases the readiness for action.TTeenndd–aanndd–BBeeffrriieennddRReessppoonnsseeA behavioral reaction to stress that involves activities designed to create social networks that provideprotection from threats.DDeepprreessssiioonn An affective disorder in which people experience sadness, low self-esteem, negative thoughts,pessimism, and apathy.AAnnxxiieettyy A psychological disorder that may be accompanied by a number of physical symptoms, includingdiarrhea, upset stomach, sweaty hands, shortness of breath, poor concentration, and general agitation.SSeellff–rreegguullaattiioonn The process of setting goals and using our cognitive and affective capacities to reach those goals.OOppttiimmiissmm A general tendency to expect positive outcomes.SSeellff–eeffPPccaaccyy The belief in our ability to carry out actions that produce desired outcomes.Lesson_3_Terms_and_Definitions https://www.dowellwebtools.com/tools/oc/Bo/SocialPsych?print…2 of 2 1/27/16, 7:04 AM
http://2012books.lardbucket.org/books/social-psychology-principles/s06-social-affect.html
https://www.dowellwebtools.com/tools/ps/Bo/SocialPsych/Yq7rMBOsiq
Choose any one of the questions in the “Exercises and Critical Thinking” section of chapter 3 and write a one-page paper on it. Use APA formatting, and include at least one scholarly source other than the textbook.
For full credit:
Meet the objectives of the assignment as outlined in the question you choose.Demonstrate a strong understanding of the material.Demonstrate quality, scholarly writing.Use and cite source(s).Complete the assignment on time.
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for the reference page center the word “References” (note case and spelling).! A major part of our everyday experiences?particularly those behaviors that have substantialimpact on our health and happiness?is the result of affect. Affect helps us engage inbehaviors that are appropriate to our perceptions of a social situation.! Our emotions are determined in part by responses of the sympathetic nervous system (SNS)and the limbic system (particularly the amygdala). The outcome of the activation of the SNSis the experience of arousal.! The basic emotions of anger, contempt, disgust, fear, happiness, sadness, and surprise areexpressed and experienced consistently across many different cultures.! There are also a large number of secondary emotions, such as guilt, shame, andembarrassment, that provide us with more complex feelings about our social worlds andthat are more cognitively based.! There are at least some differences in the experience of emotion between men and womenand across cultures.! We use our mood states as information to help us determine our current situation and ourwell-being. Mood states inFuence information processing through their effects onprocessing Fuency.! In some cases, it may be difHcult to accurately determine the source of the arousal we areexperiencing, and we may misattribute the arousal.! Although most people generally experience a sense of everyday well-being, negative affect,particularly stress, can disrupt these feelings.! The experience of prolonged stress creates an increase in general arousal in the SNS andphysiological changes through the HPA axis.! People who have recently experienced extreme negative situations experience stress, buteveryday minor hassles can also create stress.Social PsychologyBy Bo Bennett, PhDLLeessssoonn ##33:: SSoocciiaall AAffffeecctt KKeeyy PPooiinnttssLesson_3_Key_Points https://www.dowellwebtools.com/tools/oc/Bo/SocialPsych?prin…1 of 2 1/27/16, 6:56 AM! Not all people experience and respond to stress in the same way, and these differences canbe important. One difference in response is between the Hght-or-Fight response and thetend-and-befriend response.! Depression and anxiety are largely socially determined, through a lack of adequate socialinteractions and the inability to meet standards imposed by others.! Suppressing or ignoring our problems is usually not successful because it takes effort anddoes not make them go away. It is healthier to express our negative thoughts and feelings,either to ourselves or to others.! Being able to effectively regulate our emotions is a skill that has important and positiveconsequences.! Positive thinking, including optimism, hardiness, and self-efHcacy, is associated with a widevariety of positive effects on our health.! One difHculty that people face when trying to improve their happiness is that they may notalways know what will make them happy.! Building effective lives requires us to use our cognitive resources to avoid engaging inpleasurable but health-threatening behaviors.Lesson_3_Key_Points https://www.dowellwebtools.com/tools/oc/Bo/SocialPsych?prin…2 of 2 1/27/16, 6:56 AM
! A major part of our everyday experiences?particularly those behaviors that have substantialimpact on our health and happiness?is the result of affect. Affect helps us engage inbehaviors that are appropriate to our perceptions of a social situation.! Our emotions are determined in part by responses of the sympathetic nervous system (SNS)and the limbic system (particularly the amygdala). The outcome of the activation of the SNSis the experience of arousal.! The basic emotions of anger, contempt, disgust, fear, happiness, sadness, and surprise areexpressed and experienced consistently across many different cultures.! There are also a large number of secondary emotions, such as guilt, shame, andembarrassment, that provide us with more complex feelings about our social worlds andthat are more cognitively based.! There are at least some differences in the experience of emotion between men and womenand across cultures.! We use our mood states as information to help us determine our current situation and ourwell-being. Mood states inFuence information processing through their effects onprocessing Fuency.! In some cases, it may be difHcult to accurately determine the source of the arousal we areexperiencing, and we may misattribute the arousal.! Although most people generally experience a sense of everyday well-being, negative affect,particularly stress, can disrupt these feelings.! The experience of prolonged stress creates an increase in general arousal in the SNS andphysiological changes through the HPA axis.! People who have recently experienced extreme negative situations experience stress, buteveryday minor hassles can also create stress.Social PsychologyBy Bo Bennett, PhDLLeessssoonn ##33:: SSoocciiaall AAffffeecctt KKeeyy PPooiinnttssLesson_3_Key_Points https://www.dowellwebtools.com/tools/oc/Bo/SocialPsych?prin…1 of 2 1/27/16, 6:56 AM! Not all people experience and respond to stress in the same way, and these differences canbe important. One difference in response is between the Hght-or-Fight response and thetend-and-befriend response.! Depression and anxiety are largely socially determined, through a lack of adequate socialinteractions and the inability to meet standards imposed by others.! Suppressing or ignoring our problems is usually not successful because it takes effort anddoes not make them go away. It is healthier to express our negative thoughts and feelings,either to ourselves or to others.! Being able to effectively regulate our emotions is a skill that has important and positiveconsequences.! Positive thinking, including optimism, hardiness, and self-efHcacy, is associated with a widevariety of positive effects on our health.! One difHculty that people face when trying to improve their happiness is that they may notalways know what will make them happy.! Building effective lives requires us to use our cognitive resources to avoid engaging inpleasurable but health-threatening behaviors.Lesson_3_Key_Points https://www.dowellwebtools.com/tools/oc/Bo/SocialPsych?prin…2 of 2 1/27/16, 6:56 AM