QuestionSocial Psychology1. People who watch violent television shows view the world as more dangerous. Which of the following explains this effect?a. Violence becomes a salient stimulus for them.b. They become more aggressive by watching such shows.c. They develop a false consensus bias after watching the shows.d. People become less belligerent by watching such shows.2. You like your refrigerator because of the features that it offers. This attitude toward therefrigerator is determined by your _____.a. affectb. behaviorc. feelingd. cognition3. Lewin’s equation indicates that _____.a. a person’s success of failure is not a function of his personal characteristicsb. behavior of a person is a function of person variables and situation variablesc. people are born with skills and they can use these skills under all circumstancesd. social situation is not a strong influence in determining person characteristics4. Individuals have a tendency to affiliate with, accept, and be accepted by the peoplearound them. This tendency refers to their _____.a. self-concernb. social powerc. self esteemd. other-concern5. Likeliness of cognitive dissonance is reduced if people _____.a. fail constantly in various facets of lifeb. can find strong external justifications for their actions.c. can internally attribute their achievements and failuresd. fail to show justice to their abilities6. The members of a society tend to behave in ways that are shared by other members andperceived by them as appropriate. Such shared beliefs are referred to as _____.a. other-concernsb. culture blocksc. social normsd. collectivist ideals 7. Which of the following is the major goal of intimidation strategy?a. Creating fearb. Creating respectc. Creating guiltd. Creating pity8. You often think about the people around you. You also create knowledge about them byunderstanding them. This process is referred to as _____.a. social cognitionb. kin selectionc. evolutionary adaptationd. social screening9. Powell is in a state of gloominess after failing in a test that he took recently. He feelsintensely worried for a short period of time. The feelings that Powell is experiencing isan example of a(n) _____.a. emotionb. affectc. cognitiond. mood10. Which of the following country’s people will most likely have high public selfconsciousness?a. USAb. Canadac. Japand. France11. An organization decides to conduct an experimental research to identify the factors thatinfluence productivity in an organization. In this study, productivity is a(n) _____ variable.a. dependentb. independentc. causald. common-causal12. Which of the following could initiate automatic cognition?a. A new project that you undertakeb. A routine job that you perform at workc. A game that is based on logical interpretationd. A problem based on multiple concepts 2 13. A group of students was asked to play a racing game. Another group was asked to play aslow moving game that simulates every day activities of human beings. After playing thegame, the group that played the racing game seemed more active than the group workedon the simulation. Which of the following has caused this occurrence?a. Primingb. Controlled cognitionc. False consensusd. False imagery14. Which of the following statements is true about suppressing our emotions to dealwith a negative affect?a. Avoidance is a better strategy than this.b. It prevents negative emotions from shooting back.c. It might work out only for a short while.d. It provides a long term solution to negative affects. 15. A group of research participants were divided into two equal groups for the purpose of aresearch. One group consumes alcohol whereas the other group remains sober. All theparticipants are then asked to perform a potentially dangerous act. Which of thefollowing developments is likely in this case?a. The group that has not consumed alcohol will not use cognitive component.b. The group that consumed alcohol will not use cognitive component.c. The group that consumed alcohol will not use affective component.d. The group that consumed alcohol is more likely to perform the dangerous act.16. Arthur leads a team of fifteen people and makes decisions without consulting themembers. Arthur believes that the decisions that he make are the best and his teammembers are happy with the decisions. However, his team members are not contentedwith many of Arthur’s decisions. Arthur is experiencing a(n) _____.a. cognitive conflictb. false consensus biasc. representativeness heuristicd. availability heuristic17. You tend to accept social norms and follow your peers to be accepted by them moregenerally. This tendency is referred to as _____.a. other-concernb. kin selectionc. self-concernd. evolutionary adaptation 18. People want to go beyond their negative expectations and prevent those expectationsfrom biasing their judgments. What prevents them from making such adjustments?a. The problem of availability biasb. The process of mental anchoringc. The problem of cognitive dissonanced. The process of controlled thinking19. Albert takes a logic test. He expects a high score but scores low in the test. This error injudgment is caused by _____.a. anchoring and adjustmentb. counterfactual thinkingc. false consensus biasd. overconfidence20. When existing schemas change on the basis of new information we call the process:a. accommodation.b. assimilation.c. transformation.d. restructuring.21. Which of the following will occur to people when the sympathetic nervous system isactivated?a. They become emotionally stable and act responsibly.b. People will get exhausted and lose their senses completely.c. Increased blood pressure, heart rate, and perspiration results in them.d. Low heart rate, reduced metabolism, and lethargy are the consequences.22. Which of the following observations is true about basic emotions?a. These emotions require systematic interpretation.b. These emotions happen very quickly.c. These emotions are more cognitively based.d. These emotions provide us with complex feelings about our social worlds.23. How do men and women differ in terms of emotions?a. Women report being less open to experiencing emotions.b. Unlike men, women do not experience secondary emotions.c. Unlike women, men do not experience secondary emotions.d. Women more accurately identify emotions in others than men. 24. Charles experiences depression after consuming a drug that is meant to instigatehappiness. Charles is less likely to attribute the feeling of depression to the drug if________.a. he is informed about the nature of the drugb. he is experiencing some form of arousalc. he is unaware of the effects of the drugd. he is experiencing arousal from an external source25. How does stress contribute to heart disease?a. Stress increases the production of blood within the body.b. Stress reduces the ability of the blood vessels to conduct blood through the arteries.c. Stress causes an increase in the radius of blood vessels and arteries.d. Stress causes changes in the DNA. 26. How do depressed people behave?a. They interact more with people and hide emotions.b. They estimate the level public attention on them accurately.c. They tend to avoid social interactions altogether.d. They tend to have fewer health problems. 27. Which of the following is a potential disadvantage of using self-report measures?a. Self-report measurement methods involve complicated procedures and steps.b. Such measures do not provide participants’ answers to the operational definitions.c. Self-report measurement methods cannot be included in a survey.d. People’s insights into their own opinions and behaviors need not be perfect.28. Samuel was told that if he waits for another month, he would get a 30 percentdiscount on his favorite brand of TV. However, Samuel buys the TV immediately, thoughhe wanted the deal. This is an example of low _____.a. self-efficacyb. self-esteemc. self-defensed. self-regulation 29. An American student is less likely than a Korean student to believe that asking for help would ________.a. better relationships with othersb. reduce criticism on selfc. increase group harmonyd. make the problems worse 30. Linda finds it easier to remember concepts when she relates them to her experiences.Which of the following effects causes this?a. Framing effectb. Halo effectc. Self-presentation effectd. Self-reference effect31. Choose the correct answer based on the statements given below.Statement 1: We can learn about people’s self-concept by asking them to describe it.Statement 2: Not all aspects of our self-concepts are equally accessible at all times.a. Both the statements are validb. Only statement 1 is correctc. Only statement 2 is correctd. Both the statements are invalid32. The outcome of an empirical study will be based on _____.a. researchers’ ability to distinguish facts that are obviousb. collection of data that exists within a system for independent scrutinyc. researchers’ commonsensical conclusions and judgmentsd. collection and systematic analysis of observable data33. Daniel dresses well when he is likely to garner others’ attention. He cares little about hisgrooming when he is at home. This behavior is indicative of his _____.a. self-complexityb. private self-consciousnessc. internal self-imaged. public self-consciousness 34. Which of the following is a valid observation of the Implicit Association Test?a. It is a test used to measure self-control.b. It can provide an accurate picture of self-concept.c. It is a direct method of measuring self-esteem.d. It is performed without the involvement of the participants. 35. Floyd uses flattery to influence his supervisor. Which of the following is the self presentation strategy that he is using?a. Self-promotionb. Supplicationc. Ingratiationd. Intimidation 36. Expert communicators are not perceived as trustworthy when _____.a. their statements are subjective to external causesb. they directly advocate a productc. they use an advanced communication channeld. their attitude toward the product is negative 37. Cecelia has the ability to adjust well with people of different cultures and is capable ofreading others’ emotions. She behaves differently to different people. Which of thefollowing observations of Cecelia’s self is valid?a. She is not good at self-presentationb. She has low self-esteemc. She is a high self monitord. She does not have a self-concept 38. Diana analyzes her own status by weighing herself against her colleagues and friends.This process can be called _____.a. social identificationb. deindividuationc. social comparisond. self actualization39. Which of the following exemplifies upward social comparison?a. David tries to improve his performance by comparing him with a better performingemployee.b. Stephen behaves in ways that match the standards set by others in the society.c. Jayne has a clear sense of personal identity and abstains from comparing herperformance with others.d. Howard compares his performance in an exam with the average performance of thecandidates who took the exam.40. Which of the following is a valid observation of strong attitudes?a. Strong attitudes are activated rather slowly.b. Strong attitudes come to our minds irregularly.c. Strong attitudes occur with intense thought process.d. Strong attitudes are cognitively accessible.41. People’s attitude toward their parents is universally positive. Which of the following is avalid explanation of this occurrence?a. The attitude is jointly created by affect, behavior and cognition.b. The attitude toward parents is not cognitively accessible.c. The attitude is driven by emotions and lack cognitive components. d. The attitude is inconsistent with people’s behaviors.42. Which of the following statements is consistent with the concept of the sleeper effect?a. People tend to value information obtained from similar people more than others.b. People perceive expert communicators as trustworthy sources of information.c. People tend to group together information obtained from similar sources.d. People may consider untrustworthy information to be true in due course.43. Some emotional ads may be successful though they do not discuss the products’features. Which of the following is the reason for this?a. People use their cognitive intelligence when making decisions.b. Such ads create a positive affect with the viewers.c. People buy products only when they are emotionally attached to it.d. Such ads create cognitive dissonance to perplex people.44. An employee fails to meet the deadline of a project. He believes that it is his mistakealthough the deadline was unreasonable. This is an example of _____.a. insufficient justificationb. postdecisional dissonancec. inoculationd. over justification45. Which of the following persuasion techniques is suitable if a salesperson feels that heshould not introduce a costly product to the customer right away?a. Bait and switch techniqueb. Foot-in-the-door techniquec. Low-ball techniqued. Direct demand technique46. Penny has certain powers over Mitchell. Using these powers she tries to changeMitchell’s behaviors. This is an example of usinga. Social adaptationb. Social intelligencec. Social cognitiond. Social influence47. Rebecca is an emotional and aggressive individual. She expresses strong emotions andoften fights with her husband. Betty, Rebecca’s daughter, also behaved like Rebeccaduring her childhood. Which of the following types of learning initiated Betty’sbehavior?a. Associationalb. Instrumentalc. Operantd. Observational 48. A Child attempts to climb on a table in the living room and falls down. The child learnsfrom this experience and withdraws his attempt to climb on to the table. This is anexample of _____ learning.a. operantb. respondentc. associationald. observational49. Debra Harris is a strong baseball supporter. She keeps track of the latest developmentsin baseball and talks about it recurrently. Debra’s _____ for baseball is very high.a. false consensus biasb. base ratec. inconsequentialityd. cognitive accessibility50. Robert joins the military as a Second Lieutenant. Robert is highly confident that he iscapable of performing the duties that are assigned to him. This refers to his _____.a. Self-controlb. self-regulationc. self-helpd. self-efficacy
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